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Hair and Scalp problems

Hair Loss

Hair loss can be caused by many different factors. Conditions that trigger this common problem include genetics, hereditary, diet, hormonal imbalance. Immune system and medication side effects all can affect growth of healthy hair. 

Quite often this will require blood tests and thorough examination of your hair and scalp. Hair loss can be extremely stressful to an individuals life and mental well being.

Some more common conditions are explained below. When identifying the pathology, It's important to be aware that by early diagnosis of any hair loss or thinning issues, the better the outcome and prognosis is likely to be,

Telogen Effluvium

A diffuse hair loss condition that can be caused by many underlying factors such as metabolic disorders, illness, stress, nutrient deficiencies. This condition can often be seen when washing and brushing the hair, sometimes a reduction in the ponytail size is what you notice first as a sign of loss of density.

Androgenetic Alopecia 

This condition can affect both men and women, it can be caused by a variety of factors related to the action of hormones

It is important to be aware that although genetic thinning cannot be cured, there are ways to manage this situation. There are good, scientifically proven treatment possibilities, which can be discussed during a consultation rather than trusting the internet and getting lost with the many online products claiming amazing results but with absolutely no evidence or proof that they are of any benefit to your condition. There are also very good camouflage products available as cosmetic options.

Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia 

This is a permanent hair loss condition of scarring Alopecia more usually seen in post-menopausal women but can also be seen in pre-menopausal women affecting the region of the frontal hairline. Additionally, hair on other areas of the body may sometimes be affected.

Alopecia Areata 

A condition that is characterised by circular patches of hair loss that, in some cases may multiply and become larger over time. Both men and women can be affected by this condition. The situation can be managed with correct treatment although it is generally found to be progressive.

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Scalp Disorders

Scalp conditions can range from more common problems - for example Dandruff to more complex problems - for example, itchy, flaky or inflammatory conditions.

These problems can be very uncomfortable when they flare up. Some underlying contributing factors can be poor diet, stress, allergies and metaboic issues. (this can be when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt the bodies normal processes) 

Seborrhoeic Dermatitis 

This chronic inflammatory condition which occurs in areas of the skin that have more sebaceous glands such as the scalp for example. This condition can affect male and females and it can also be seen in teenagers

Folliculitis

This is a common condition that is caused by a bacteria in the hairs follicle. Treatment with correct guidance is required to settle this infection. The scalp can become itchy, resulting in an urge to continually touch and scratch therefore spreading the infection into the nearby follicles and so making the problem worse. If this complaint is left un-treated there is a risk of scarring and the potential for hair loss.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis can vary in intensity but can cause significant reaction to the scalp. Erythema (a type of skin rash) crustiness, weeping and swelling can all be present. This condition occurs when the area affected has come into contact with an irritant or an allergen, if caused by an allergen there is the possibility for an allergic reaction within your body which could require medical attention.

There are a variety of substances in everyday life that can be considered to be irritants.  A strong irritant such as bleach, or sodium hydroxide (relaxer) may cause a reaction at the time of first contact however this condition may also occur after long-term exposure to everyday products such as shampoo, and oils etc.

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